Monday, 31 October 2011

Hareswar Shivalaya Mandir , Lingsey

Vedic religious Institution and learning of Pre Independence Era

The ethnic communities have distinct language, culture, customs and architecture, largest ethnic community provide  vibrant cultural presence and warm cordiality of the rural people never fails the mesmerize one. Early Lingsey was place of Purohits and Priest but the only place of worships was the Mulkharka Lake ( Manokamana Pokhari). Saligram (Stone) and Shivalinga were placed inside the Lake with the faith by the priest and Purohits enchanting the Veds Mantra. All the Villager use to go there in any occasion for the worship of God.

History of Hareswar Shivalaya Mandir began with the Quote of Saint Hari Prashad Subedi “Yatra  Shivalaya Nasti tatra samasanmewa”( where there is no Shiva Temple, the place is like Graveyard).  Gandhiyan Ideologist, the then Vedic saint Hariranga, from Luing Sikkim (Kingship) advice to build a Shiva temple to spread spiritual learning and conservation of Vedic literature and Hindu culture. On the mean time Pandit Shiva Shankar Niroula come here from his higher learning on Vedic culture and Hindu Rituals, took the soul responsibility to build the temple in Lingsey in the year 1944.
 On this context Meeting was conducted on 4th December 1944   the all the representative from Lingsey Lingseykha,  Kagey, Pabak, Pedong, Khamdong Aritar, Rhenock where present. Meeting conclude that Hariranga  Mahayagya  had to be held  in the Funeral Yard ( Ghat) of the  of the surrounded area called Ravang Dovan to destroy the evil spirit of the human being.  Outstanding amount from the Hariranga Mahayagya, amounting Rs. 11 and 5 Ana to be being invest in the Construction of Shivalaya Temple at Lingsey. The construction began with this amount.
In 15 January 1934 devastating earthquake destroys the man and material in the region and villager felt that the construction of the Shiva temple is only safeguard of the village from natural calamity.  So, a Yagya (religious Ceremony) was organized to overcome but now it is a story only no evidence found. The evidence tells us that the faith on religion was the main concept to build the religious institution. Construction had begun with the donation of cash and kind from the entire region in 1944.
Narvadeshwar Shivalinga was brought from Narvada River (Now in Maharastra) is still worshiping by faith. Some of people donated land for the temple and some gold also donated for the Gajur (pinnacle) of the temple. 
Along with the Inauguration of Hareswar Shivalaya Temple, the Hareswar Sanskrit Mahavidyalaya also started in same year on 14 August 1946. Shiva Aaradhana (Prayer) could not complete by any means so the establishment of the Sanskrit School and reading and performing the Vedic rituals and Shiva Stotras (Rudri Path) is bid more for the completion of Shiva Aaradhana. So the Institution begun with the Headmastership of Devicharan Sapkota and then Vedic Teaching came in the existence in Lingsey. He was the First Pujari (priest) of Hareswar Shivalaya Temple as well as First Sanskrit Teacher of Hareswar Sanskrit Mahavidyalaya in the Year 1946. Several Sanskrit intellectual in the different post of Sikkim, Nepal, Bhutan and entire North Bengal were the Product of this Institution. The Institution has affiliation with Rastriya Sanskrit Sansthan (Deemed University) New Delhi and grants aid to run the Sanskrit college.
List of principal of Hareswar Sanskrit Mahavidyalaya Lingsey (1946-Till Date)
1.    Devi Prasad Sapkota (1946)
2.    Bishnu Bhakta Gautam
3.    Devi Prasad Pokhrel
4.    Bhanu Bhakta Dhakal
5.    H.P Bhandari
6.    U.C basistha
7.    Krishna Prasad Dahal
8.    Thakur Prasad Adhikari
9.    Gayatri Prasad Niroula
10.                       Smt.Bindhya Niroula
11.                       Khilanath Adhikari
12.                       R.P. Upadhaya
13.                       Trilochan Subedi
14.                       Giridhari Poudyal
The architectural framework of the Entire Building is based simple wooden and Cement, based on Hindu art and Sculpture. Statue of different animals and birds character of different Purans are the main attraction the Temple. Ghesela (Mangolian)   was the main sculptor of the entire sculpture and statue. Depiction of the Ashok Chakra (National Emblem) in the wall of Sanskrit Mahavidyalaya was the perfect example of Nationalist Sentiment of the then people of Lingsey before Independence.
Sarada Vedic Sanskrit Library
Along With the Establishment of the Hindu Temple of Lord Shiva and the Vedic Learning Center, Sanskrit Library also came to an existence in the same year 1946. Library has full books of 18 Purans, 108 Upanishads, 4 Vedas, different books of Hindu Rituals and Sanskrit Literature and Grammar.
Books were donated by the different institution from the whole country as well as some personal donated books can be found the library. Evidence show us District collector of Darjeeling sanction the grant of Amount Rs. 1000/- for the purpose of Book in the year of 1962.
The establishment of Library was inevitable because the Sanskrit learning was impossible without the handful of books. So the then intellectual felt the necessary of the Library which can fulfill the reader’s and learner’s wants.
Now it is the center of Sanskrit learning of Hindu Rituals and Sarada Vedic Library Fulfill the Demand of the Entire Region of Sikkim and North Bengal. Providing Books from Library only for the Vedic Hindu rituals, Purans and other Yagya since its establishment.
Enrollment of Pupil of the Sanskrit Mahavidyalaya increasing in every session because of the study material provided by the Institution and the library. Hostel Facility is one the cause of drifting students towards the Lingsey for higher Sanskrit Learning from the abroad i.e. country like Nepal and Bhutan.  Hostel was run with the donation since the establishment and it is still continues. In the special occasion the Students perform stage Play bases the Ram Leela and Krisna Janma Utsav.
Lingsey, a place of diverse community and their different religious faith but no discrimination in the religious ground and other. Evidence shows, the ideological co-operation in among different community and religions prevails now also. Donation for the establishment of temple and the Mahavidyalaya donated by everyone in the name of god. It is found in the evidence that the Hindu supports Buddhist and vice-versa.    
Road way connectivity to the village was rough foot path. Construction of the temple completed through the footpath by head loads. No vehicle were use to carry construction material. 1962 Chogyal (Kings of Sikkim) Donated the sum of Amount Rs. 5000 (Five Thousand Receipt present in the Library) for the construction of the road now it is Rhenock to Lingsey Road. Several villagers have volunteer for the construction of the road. Eye witness said that more then 30 vehicles reach Lingsey along with Kings Chogyal in the Inauguration of the Road in 1962.
In 1995 Yogi Narahari Nath (Raj Guru of Nepal Kingdom)come Lingsey on the occasion of 11 days long Mahavharata Mahapuran. Sankaracharya  also visited Lingsey in the same occasion.
Committee of the Hareswar Shivalaya Temple conducts different Maha Yagya annually or alternatively. Throughout the year several Hindu festivals are held in the temple complex. The most important among them are the Sawan Bool Bum, Shivaratri, Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Saraswati Puja, and Bala Chaturdasi. Hareswar Shiva Linga is the main attraction of pilgrimage at the time of Sawan as Bol Bom.
List of Hindu Mahayagya, Puran and Anusthan perform in the Hareswar Shivalaya Temple Since 1946.
1.    Hariranga Mahayagya 1944
2.     Shiva Pran Pratishan. 1946
3.    Bishwa Shanti Mahayagya and Sri Puran 1981
4.    Shiva Puran 1984
5.    Sri Skanda Mahapuran 1986
6.    Mahabharat Puran- 1994
7.    Brahma Baivarta puran-1997
8.    Balmiki Ramayana-2010
9.    Shiva Maha Puran- 2011
10.         Ati Rudra Mahayagya-2011.
11.        Srimad Bhagawat Mahayagya- 2013 ( Tribeni, Teesta)
12.        Tulsikrit Ramayan-2014

Now it is heritage of the Entire region for the religious worship and Learning. Management of the entire institution is in the hand of Hareswar Shivalaya Temple and its different wing like Hareswar Sanskrit Pathshala Committee, Nari Samaj. But the Entire supervision in the hand of main committee.

Monday, 24 October 2011

Mulkharka Pokhari

Mulkharka Lake – Situated in hill top, the village called Mulkharka . Shadow of Mt. Kanchenjunga reflects in the pure water of the lake like Mt. Macha Puchre reflects is Phewa Lake in Nepal. All the drinking water sources of Lingsey village originate from the Lake. It is Popular as Manokamana (Wishing) Lake. The Small village Mulkharka  symbolize the human existence in the beauty of Nature .

Brief about Lingsey


Lingsey a remote village of Kalimpong Sub-Divison is situated at an altitude of 4800 ft.  and is 24 km from Pedong & 52 km from Kalimpong Coordinates: 27°9'46"N 88°40'29"E. It is assessable from Kalimpong & Gangtok also, via Rhenock a small town of East Sikkim near Aritar.

            Lingsey is an ideal eco-village tourist destination where tourist can enjoy and be with the nature. Blessed with so much of natural beauty and a rich cultural heritage, majestic mountains, lush green forest intermingled with hospitable people provided the most suitable landscape. It is ideal opportunities to effectively use tourism as a tool for conservation and at the same time reap economic benefits form the business. Village tourism in Lingsey is a unique experience in the Hills. One gets to experience the various ethnic tribes and clans of this region. The Lepcha's the first known settlers, the Bhutia's who traced their ancestry to Tibet and the Gorkhali the largest ethnic community provide  vibrant cultural presence and warm cordiality of the rural people never fails the mesmerize one.
              The ethnic communities have distinct language, culture, customs and architecture which becomes an ideal experience for the visitors to sample. The houses are mostly built from local materials and are well constructed and comfortable. The overwhelming impression of the village is one of order and cleanliness but with a warm and welcoming feel to it. Well designated trails through the village are neatly carved out along the terraced rating the outer house environment beautifully is expressed through a riot of Orchids and Begonias. With ample of rain and warm sunny days the greenery up by melodious bird calls this certainly becomes a high light of ones trip. The panoramic mountain vista just adds on to the beauty of the landscape. Short walks around the village take you to the local households, cardamom and paddy fields, local shrines, lakes, waterfalls, nearby forest and herbal gardens.

Places of Interest:-

Hareswar Shivalaya Mandir & Sanskrit VidhyalayaIt is second largest temple in Darjeeling district. It is the popular monumental evidence of the Hindu religion. It is famous in Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh. Throughout the year several Hindu festivals are held in the temple complex. The most important among them are the Sawan Bool Bum, Shivaratri, Durga Puja, and Bala Chaturdasi. Hareswar Shiva Linga is the main attraction of pilgrimage at the time of Sawan as Bol Bom.

        Sanskrit Vidhyalaya recognizes by Rastriya Sanskrit Sansthan, New Delhi, only study centre of Sanskrit Language & Hindu rituals.  Facilitate student with rare libraries stock of 4 Vedas, Upanishads & 18 Purans & other valuable books of the Hinduism
Lepcha Monastery – 5 Minute walk from Hareswar Shivalaya Mandir (Temple) is the Pellembo Lepcha Monastery which is oldest in the Darjeeling, build in the 19th century. One can visit the village to know about Lepcha's tribe, traditions life style and culture. Way they live can be observe closely be with them.

Traditional Lepcha House - Unique feature in the construction of traditional Lepcha house is that no nails are used. This is an interesting point to begin ones exploration of Lingsey Jumthang a Lepcha Village. While visiting the traditional house, one can walk further beyond to see the Sankhey Dhunga (Holy Rock).

Servang Waterfalls The Servang waterfalls one of the tallest falls is the region having the hight of 200 ft. The sound of the volume of water dropping can hear from far off.

Jhusing View Point – One can see a panoramic view of Lingsey Village, and surroundings. And can also view Mighty Kanchenjunga Range as well as Neora Valley Nation Park.

Dhoksing Falls: Lingsey Eco Tourism discover a beautiful water Falls Called Dhoksing water falls. Approximately 100 ft long water volume divided in three stream (Three fold Falls) Attract the visitor eye. It is located in between Lingsey samsing and Jhusing. Loud sound of water deep inside the Jungle is becoming a major Tourist Hot Spot of Lingsey.    
Sanga Choeling (Bhutia) Monastery - A monastery considered as one of the holiest and oldest in Kalimpong Sub – Division. The visitor’s can imbibe the tranquil air with splendor of monastic arts reflected in its traditional architecture, carved & painted murals and treasure of manuscripts and icons.

Sherpa Monastery – Sherpa community use to worship in this monastery which is based on Buddhism.

Mulkharka Lake – Situated in hill top, the village called Mulkharka. Shadow of Mt. Kanchenjunga reflects in the pure water of the lake like Mt. Macha Puchre reflects is Phewa Lake in Nepal. All the drinking water sources of Lingsey village originate from the Lake. It is Popular as Manokamana (Wishing) Lake. In the time of Ram Nawami we conduct a local Mela (Fest) main attraction on the event is Local food, cultural cultural Programme and trekking.

Chota Rametay Dara (View Point): view the Mt. Kanchenjunga range and various Parts of Eastern part of Sikkim as well as Lava, Rishop and Pedong.
Fusrey View Point(watch Tower):  One can visualize the Dense forest of Neora valley National Park along with the wild animal, Rhododendron and Birds.
Bara Rametay Dara (View Point) - It is situated in Pangola Range of the Himalaya, and counted as a important view point of the area of (Neora valley National Park) one can see the view of the china border.
Rachela Pass( Tin Simana) – Situated in Upper Neora Valley National Park, which is also a border point of Bhutan, Sikkim, & West Bengal.
Neora valley National Park -  Neora Valley National Park lies in the civil district of Darjeeling, West Bengal, which is situated between the 26º 52' 3" and 27º 7' 35" North latitude and 80º 45' to 80º 55 East longitude. It is contiguous with Sikkim and Bhutan at its northern and north-eastern boundaries respectively. The southern boundaries of the park are adjoining to Jalpaiguri district. The altitude varies from 183 m to 3200 m, the highest point being near Sikkim border in the North. Neora Valley Nature Reserve is one of the last remaining pristine ecosystems of the Eastern Himalaya with its amazing bio-diversity, and is home to many rare and endangered, plants, animals and birds. Trek in an area rich in natural history and beautiful views this is just the trek for you. For birdwatchers this trek is attractive during the spring months of March to June.
Neora Valley National Park is also the home of Red Panda. A cute little animal with reddish brown body and a bushy ringed tail is one of the most endangered species in the world. The recent discovery of Royal Bengal Tiger in Neora Valley has prompted the administration to include the park in the list of sensitive wildlife zones in the country. According to the 2002 tiger census the park holds 19 majestic big cats. Among the other important mammals Indian Gaur, Himalayan Black Bear, Clouded Leopard Common Leopard, Lesser Cats, Himalayan Thar, Sparrow, Gorals, Deer and Squirrels are worth mentioning.
Due to its altitudinal variation ranging from 600ft to 10600 ft, various species of birds make the park a paradise for the bird watchers. Pheasants, Cuckoos,  Flycatchers, Maynas, Orioles, Owls, Parakeets, Partridges, Sunbirds, Swallows, Swifts and Woodpeckers would captivate one with their chirpy calls and enchanting colorful plumage display.

Fauna: - A wide varieties of birds of this region can be seen during different seasons. Endanger species of birds know as Bhenguma regarded as king of all birds is found in the forest nearby area.  The birds are migratory and one has to plan out to get glimpses of these birds. The Rajpakshi another endanger animals also found in the forest.
Other Activities
Rock Climbing   
Bird watching in khola kharka forest.
Cultural show.
Cardamom Cultivation
Wild bee View
Jungle Camaping.